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COVID-19 effects on South Africa's Maritime Economy

South Africa’s Maritime Economy also get impact due to the COVID-19. The lockdown becomes the major cause of its fall, especially on global shipping.

The demand for global shipping drops mainly from the China market. These drops present an impact on the various markets, from container ships to oil tankers. This issue brings a drop in oil prices and shares the negative effect for both the offshore and onshore oil and gas industry.

COVID-19 effects on South Africa's Maritime Economy

COVID-19 effects on South Africa’s Maritime Economy

  • South Africa responds to COVID-19.

South Africa is one of the nations that take lockdown as one of their policies. The government announced a 21 days lockdown that starts on March 27 and continues at the end of April.

This closure responds to many aspects, including South Africa’s Maritime Economy. The lockdown blocks cruise ships docking as well as crew changes on South Africa’s seaports. Of course, tourism became the first place that fell under this restriction.

Although all of the nation’s seaports remain open, global shipping markets should follow COVID-19 protocols. If there are goods that come in, especially from high-risk countries, it should be sanitized first. This protocol made the seaports’ terminal adjust their services and operations.

Moreover, they should lessen the transportation of nonessential cargo and solely handle important break bulk containers and goods. The policy includes the closing of seaport terminals at Port Elizabeth, Saldanha, East London, and Maydon Wharf in Durban.

The lockdown brings the shipping market demand to fall at South Africa port. The distribution, including warehousing activities, are changing. The port operation is estimated at around 60 percent volume during the lockdown period.

COVID-19 causes the on-demand market decline. It presents us with South Africa’s economic growth increasing 1 percent in 2021 and 1.6 percent in 2022.

This pandemic brings a wide effect on South Africa’s Maritime Economy. The reason is because China is the biggest trading partner for South Africa. So, the nation is presented to any disturbance in export and import activities from China.

COVID-19 effects on South Africa's Maritime Economy

COVID-19 effects on South Africa’s Maritime Economy

  • Sector and policy response. 

As this pandemic shares a global impact, it requires a global response to find the solution. So far, the global public health gives a strong outcome to COVID-19 led by each respective government.

The South Africa government tries multiple ways to lessen the economic impact. They take decisions in various fiscal and monetary policy measures.

This policy includes increasing liquidity in the domestic market. So, it helps to stimulate credit demand. Besides, it can improve fiscal reprioritization to social security measures.

Meanwhile, from the sector perspective, the main concern is the restriction on crew changes at seaports. The government should make sector representation to ease this restriction. Yet, the government should coordinate the representation to avoid overlapping or duplication.

Any decision on it may bounce back due to social distancing and social interaction limitations. It will not affect the seafarer crew members stranded at sea or onshore. It should consider the crew members who are at work to give them time to return home.

Africa's Maritime Industry and Sustainability

Africa’s Maritime Industry is crucial for global sea lanes. The routes help to transport goods for all imports and exports in Africa. It became one of the world’s biggest shipping industries.

Africa’s improvement in the maritime industry bears positive impacts, especially on its socio-economic development. This impact is beneficial, particularly on coastal states. Yet, it also causes a challenge for the maritime sector.

The following article informs us about how to maintain environmental and social sustainability practices for the Maritime Industry.

Africa's Maritime Industry and Sustainability

Africa’s Maritime Industry and Sustainability

  • Green Shipping.

Green shipping is made to lessen various negative impacts, particularly on human health and the environment. This method can decrease the use of preservation and helps to protect the environment from greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, including other pollutants.

In the usage, the “green” criterion involves the agreement to major International Maritime Organization (IMO) pollution-related organizations. Moreover, their protocols have been ratified by many coastal African countries.

The IMO has a strong commitment to sustainable improvement for Africa’s Maritime Industry. It is created to support modernization and technology transfer.

Over the past years, there is an increase in many forward-thinking companies designing eco-friendly ships. They use this kind of boat to be part of their operation.

  • Marine Pollution.

Marine Pollution is one of the crucial issues in global environmental challenges. This issue will be faced by many generations ahead as 75 percent of the earth is covered by water.

Nowadays, shipping becomes the majority of the world’s business transportation. So, the increasing level of marine pollution is unavoidable.

The shipping industry is known for its performance in environmental and social protection. It presents a great effort in preventing and responding to oil spills because those things are a visible impact on marine pollution.

Africa's Maritime Industry and Sustainability

Africa’s Maritime Industry and Sustainability

  • Atmospheric Emission.

The pollution carried by the shipping industry is not merely marine pollution. The fuels used by the boat is also one of the major causes of atmospheric pollution.

The fuel produces carbon dioxide (CO2) as well as other gas emissions and is released into the air freely. This gas contributes almost 1 billion tons of CO2 yearly.

By the increase of shipping in Africa’s Maritime Industry, it will increase the consumption of fuel. The air emissions carried by shipping remain to grow significantly.

However, IMO creates a strategy to lessen the atmospheric emission. All ships are required to have an implementing mandatory action for effective implementation. Its short term strategy includes the expansion of technical plus operational energy that can bring efficiency standards for ships.

Then, it presents the national action plan to support the reduction of GHG emissions. We can see now ships with renewable energy supplies, including the infrastructure support in the low-carbon fuels.

This plan makes the shipping companies adopt new technology. So, all new ships should produce GHG emissions to support 30 percent emission reduction for 2025.

Maritime Issues On Shipping

The sea plays an important role, especially in trade and communication. Most of the world’s trade is conducted by sea. Besides, for telecommunications, there are submarine cables that will transmit most of the communication data for people all around the world.

The importance of the sea is in line with the maritime issues it has. Let’s say maritime smuggling of ivory, drugs, or antiquities is conducted by criminal networks which then funds terrorists.

Maritime Issues On Shipping

Maritime Issues On Shipping

The Definition of Maritime Security

Maritime security is a term to classify issues that countries found in the maritime domain. It is related to the marine environment, national security, and also human security. In general, their subject is the world’s oceans. Yet, to make it more specific, they also concern for regional seas, rovers, territorial waters, and ports. The concept of this security is now not only talking about national power projection but also interconnected fields.

Though there was a conference on maritime security, especially African sea security, there is no exact definition of it. The term is then used for both international and regional challenges to maritime issues.

Some maritime issues that most countries experience include armed robbery, piracy, illicit goods, human-trafficking, marine pollution, and also illegal fishing.

From this description, we know then that a sea is a central place for maritime security. It has different roles including the source of threats like piracy, as a geopolitical power projection, as connectors between countries to reach globalization, and as military disputes.

Maritime Issues On Shipping

Maritime Issues On Shipping

Maritime Shipping Issues

Shipping is one thing that makes the sea important. The logistics of shipping and trading need the sea. And if problems occur, the chain of consumption will not be optimized. Efficiency in technology and chain optimization are two issues mostly faced by countries. Yet, the most important one is carbon fuels. Nowadays, the goal of worldwide shipping is how to reduce carbon emissions. Having carbon-neutral fuels is one of the answers. There is a strategy to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases by 2050 by 50%.

Data theft and cyber attacks are other maritime issues that some countries may experience. Even this issue is included in top political risks that arise in recent years. The cyber threat that you find in the industry, including shipping, becomes an important issue from past years. The struggle is real since hackers are more sophisticated, while most people start to be dependent on several digital services.

Oversupply is one of the maritime issues that has been a problem in the shipping industry. It is because the demand from China, which is known as the world’s largest importer slows down. This of course will affect the market. And the ship’s owners sometimes have to hold the goods on their ships for some time, until the price is normal.

Seafarers Issues

Other roles like seafarers also face several difficulties, like hard to join the ship. This has something to do with the fast loading of the cargo. Thus, it results in the difficulties of the seafarers to get into the ship on time. Sometimes the seafarers have to wait for a long time because of the visa approval. Once the visa is processed, their ship is ready to sail.

Another seafarers issue is that the ship doesn’t have enough time to maintain the ships at ports. Seafarers may only have a short time to stay so that they cannot conduct the maintenance works on their ships. The issue is related to the ports.

List of Maritime Academy in Nigeria

A maritime academy is chosen as a place to study by those who want to pursue a good career with a good salary. There are a bunch of maritime academies in every country, including in Nigeria. This country also has good maritime academies that can help students to have a better future. Below is the list of maritime academies in Nigeria.

African Maritime Academy

African Maritime Academy is a co-educational school in Nigeria. It is also known as AMA school. Standards are the watchword of this maritime academy. This academy school provides both academic education and also moral education.

African Maritime Academy

African Maritime Academy

The purpose of this maritime academy is to instill in students the true of Godliness and how important it is for their lives and development. Students who have completed their study in this school leave as an academically great individual as well as great human being. They leave the school with better personalities and are ready to bring positive impacts to the society and community.

The AMA school was found in September 27th, 2010. So, it has been operating its academic activities for 10 years now. British Nigerian is the curriculum used in this maritime academy. The educational scope is a secondary school and college.

While the tuition fee to study in AMA school ranges from N50,000 to N150,000. The facilities provided in this maritime academy is quite complete to support the academic activities there. The facilities are including a library, laboratory, multipurpose hall, ICT center, sport complex or playground, school bus service, and also sick bay.

African Maritime Academy also has club activities that can be joined by the students. The club activities are taekwondo, scrabble, chess, art and drama, mathematics, JETS, art and craft, and also debate or press. This way, students are also able to develop their passions and hobbies.

The Maritime Academy of Nigeria

The Maritime Academy of Nigeria is an educational institution owned by the federal government in Oron, Akwa Iborn State, Nigeria. In the beginning, this maritime academy was named Nautical College of Nigeria.

It was found in 1979 to train and educate shipboard officers and shore-based management personnels. The first batch of this maritime academy graduated in 1983.

The Maritime Academy of Nigeria

The Maritime Academy of Nigeria

The students’ ages of The Maritime Academy of Nigeria range from 16 years old to 25 years old. This maritime academy provides its students qualitative education which accords to the latest technology and meets both national and international standards.

japan Maritime Industry

Japan is one of the countries in the world that has advanced maritime industry. Therefore, it’s not surprising, if their maritime academy is well-known. They can be even considered to be the best academy you can enter for learning everything about maritime field. Here are some of those best academies in Japan.

Osaka University

It’s located in Osaka, and it has several good maritime programs. One of them is the Maritime and Urban Engineering & Naval Architecture. You can get the Master and Doctoral degree from this program. As one of the oldest universities in Japan, the traditional atmosphere in this university is very strong. However, that’s what make learning in this place feels more comfortable and different.

japan Maritime Industry

japan Maritime Industry

Osaka Prefecture University (OPU)

This is different than Osaka University. OPU has one of best maritime program, which is the Marine System Engineering Programs. Moreover, this is public university that means you need lower budget than what you need to spend at private university. This university is also one of the universities with complete facilities that support your learning process.

japan Maritime Industry

japan Maritime Industry

Kyushu University

This university is located in Fukuoka, Japan. You can find International Master and Doctoral Programs in maritime field, here. The courses you can take here is the Marine System Engineering. This school is also well-known as the one of the top 3 universities in Japan. So, you can expect that you will get the best here, both the knowledge and facilities.

Kobe University

As one of the best universities that provide many maritime programs, Kobe University become the most popular destination for students who want to take this field. This school offers several programs, such as:

  • Global Transportation Science,
  • Ocean Safety System Science,
  • Marine Engineering,
  • Maritime Management,
  • Maritime Logistic Education and Research Programs.
Kobe University maritime academy

Kobe University maritime academy

Kobe is beautiful city. And, it also can be seen on the atmosphere in this university. Therefore, study maritime field in this place will become one of the best choices you can make. If you can do well here, you will have bigger opportunity to work in maritime field.

Conclusion

Japan has many good universities that can provide you the best help to start career in maritime industry. You can consider that their maritime academy is the right place to study maritime field, because Japan is the country that has strong relation with sea. So, you will have better material to learn in this country.

Greenwich Maritime Institute

Maritime industry is promising industry that you can try to build your career on. However, in order to success in this field, you must have skill and knowledge that you need later. For that reason, entering maritime academy is important thing to do. Below, we have the best maritime academy in the world, where you can learn and prepare your career. Let’s take a look at what you can get from them.

Greenwich Maritime Institute

Greenwich Maritime Institute

Greenwich Maritime Institute

The maritime institute was started in 1998. Although it can be considered as the new academy, we can say, this is the most promising and reliable school you can enter. This institute is the place where you can learn and do the research in the marine field. So, if you plan to learn more about marine world, this is the place you must enter.

You can find this institute in the University of Greenwich, as this is a part of this university. Some of programs you can take here are Maritime Security, Maritime Studies, International Maritime Policy, and Maritime History.

Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology

Just like its name, it is part of Tokyo University. This college is located in Minato, Tokyo. And, Tokyo University is considered to be the best university in Japan and even the world. Therefore, we can see the real class of this academy.

Tokyo University of Marine Science

Tokyo University of Marine Science

The good thing about this college is they have good international students program. So, you won’t have problem to enter this university even though you aren’t coming from Japan. Moreover, with this good reputation, graduate from this university will give you guarantee for good career.

Korea Maritime University

You can find many courses in this school. Therefore, you also have many options of what route that you are going to take for your career in maritime field. Moreover, you also can find different type of courses, from graduate, undergraduate and even short course.  The facilities are the best, plus there are many others facilities that support your daily life in this college.

Korea Maritime University

Korea Maritime University

Conclusion

Basically, those are three universities that can be considered as the best places in the world you can enter, if you plan to have good career in maritime industry. You need to work hard to enter them, though. There are many students from all over the world that dream to be part of those academies. It’s normal, because they are the best maritime academy that you can find today.

Maritime Academy in Nigeria

There are many types of schools out there, one of them is a maritime academy. It is a good decision to join and enroll in a maritime academy if you wish for good career opportunities with good salaries. Maritime academies are also a good place to learn about discipline. However, you need to prepare several things before you enroll in such an academy. For example, your overall health, physical fitness, mental health, and so on.

Maritime Academy in Nigeria

Maritime Academy in Nigeria

Every country in this world has maritime academies, including small countries such as Nigeria. Here are the recommendations of maritime academy in Nigeria.

African Maritime Academy

Established in September 27th, 2010, African Maritime Academy aims to produce not only great and smart students but also great human beings. This maritime academy was established to develop those literate and unemployed youths. Courses in this school are designed to equip the youths with skills, experiences, and also qualifications. This way, those youths will be able to pursue their dream careers as well as enrich their lives. This AMA school provides a job opportunity for especially Nigerian youths and African youths to work in the global maritime market.

Maritime Academy in Nigeria

Maritime Academy in Nigeria

African Maritime Academy has been training and educating maritime personnels for the last 10 years. This is why this academy is considered as the biggest private maritime institution in Nigeria. This maritime academy uses British Nigerian as the curriculum. Supporting facilities are provided, such as a sick bay, school bus service, laboratory, library, multipurpose hall, ICT center, and also playground. Club activities to develop students’ hobbies and passions are also available; mathematics, taekwondo, music and drama, art and craft, JETS, scrabble, and chess.

Nigeria Maritime University

Nigeria Maritime University is a maritime college and military university in Okerenkoko, Delta State, Nigeria. This maritime university has a regimental unit which consists of a chief cadet captain, regimental director, and so on. It is one of the biggest and most diverse university in Nigeria.

The vision of this university is to become the first option of maritime institution for those who look for job opportunities in the industry as well as contribute to employment creation and wealth in the global maritime economy.

Nigeria Maritime University

Nigeria Maritime University

There are 3 different faculties available in the Nigeria Maritime University; faculty of engineering, faculty of marine transport, and faculty of environmental management. 13 programs are also available to learn in this university.

Those are the recommendations of maritime academy in Nigeria.

African Maritime Academy

For those who dream of becoming a navy soldier, enrolling in a maritime academy might help them to pursue their dream. There are a lot of maritime academies in this world, one of them is African Maritime Academy. This maritime academy is located in 63/65, Moshalashi Road, Igando-Egan. If you are curious about this maritime academy, here is some information about it.

African Maritime Academy

African Maritime Academy

About African Maritime Academy

African Maritime Academy or also known as AMA school is a rare co-educational school. This academy school serves both academic and moral education for learners whose ages range from 10 years old to 16 years old. The maritime academic runs their academic programs with the purpose to instill in learners the true principals of Godliness and its importance for their life and development. So, this academic school does not only produce academically great individuals but also great human beings who bring positive effects to the community.

History of African Maritime Academy

This maritime academy was founded in September 27th, 2010. So, this academy school has been operating for 10 years now. This school is permanently located in 63/65, Moshalashi Road, Egan, Lagos State, Nigeria. The AMA school started its academic activities with 30 students. Those 30 students were admitted to classes of JS 1 and JS 2.

Admission Requirements

For those who are interested to join the AMA school, there are some requirements that have to be fulfilled.

  1. The candidates must have completed at least the fifth year or its equivalent in a primary school. It must be recognized within the country or outside the country.
  2. The candidates also have to be at least 10 years old by September of the year when they register to the academy school.
  3. Once the candidates have obtained the application form, they need to write an entrance exam.
History of African Maritime Academy

History of African Maritime Academy

Admission Procedures

As a matter of policy, admission of African Maritime Academy is limited to only JS1 and SS1. Students who seek admission to one of the classes need to follow the same procedures. The letter of admission and required administrative fee are not valid anymore after the expiry date determined on the letter of admission. It is important for both of the students’ parents to meet the head of the academy school before the students are admitted to one of the secondary classes.

That is the information about African Maritime Academy. Are you interested to join this maritime academy school?

Joining African Maritime Academy

Some young adults choose to join and enroll in a maritime academy in order to pursue a fine career. If you are one of them, it is worth to consider joining African Maritime Academy or also known AMA. By enrolling in the maritime academy, it is possible for you to have a career and job opportunity once you have studied and graduated from the maritime academy. For you who are interested to join the African Maritime Academy, here are several things that you have to prepare.

Physical Fitness

Enrolling in a maritime academy is no joke. So, the first thing that you really need to prepare is your physical fitness. Why is physical fitness important? It is because you will be involved in a lot of physical training if you enroll in such an academy. Moreover, the maritime academy will test your physical fitness as well before you are accepted and able to join the academy. Some physical tests are involved during the selection process.

Joining African Maritime Academy

Joining African Maritime Academy

The physical tests usually include sit-ups, push-ups, running, and since it is a maritime academy, of course, swimming. You are required to do all those physical tests as many as possible.

Mental Fitness

Besides your physical fitness, you also have to prepare your mental fitness as well if you want to enroll in African Maritime Academy. You have to make sure that your mental health is well. It is because mental tests in surviving ceme online game are also included in the selection process besides physical tests.

Mental Fitness

Mental Fitness

In addition, your mental should be strong since days in the maritime academy are tough. Joining a maritime academy means that you must have a strong physical fitness as well as mental fitness. Without a stable and strong mental health, you will likely to crumble in short time.

Health

The next thing you have to prepare to be able to enroll in the maritime academy is your overall health. You will not be able to join the academy if you are suffering for diseases or health disorders. For example, asthma, color blind, hearing impairment, cardiovascular illness, and so on.

Mental Fitness

Mental Fitness

During health and physical tests, there will be several inspections so that alcoholic and drug abusers will not be able to enroll in the maritime academy as well. Your blood pressure, heartbeat, and your overall health will be examined and monitored. So, make sure your health is in a good state so that you can accomplish the study well.

Maritime Academy

The maritime sector is one of the largest sectors in the world, followed later by the agricultural sector. This makes the countries in the world continuously develop their country’s potential within the maritime sector. One of the countries that are focused on developing its maritime sector is the countries in the african maritime academy.

It can be said that countries in Africa do have very good potential, to be maximized, to increase the country’s foreign exchange, as well as the life skills of its people.

Maritime Academy

Maritime Academy

Guarding the ocean and the country’s borders is a must

It is no secret that the borders of each country surrounded by the world’s oceans often lead to conflict and strife. This also should not be underestimated by countries in Africa. Therefore, in the African maritime academy, one thing that must be emphasized is the understanding of maritime conditions that exist in each country. At the same time knowing how to exist at the border. This is very crucial in avoiding maritime area conflicts caused by ignorance of the marine territories owned by each country.

Maritime Academy

Maritime Academy

Every ocean in the world has a unique, different, and of course abundant wealth. This also includes the maritime sector of africa. Because of this, the safeguarding and decisiveness of foreign and illegal vessels, which try to enter and steal State assets, must be acted firmly.

Preservation of marine ecosystems

Not only the oceans in Africa, but oceans throughout the world are currently experiencing a serious threat, caused by the work of poachers, who still often use poisons and bombs to catch fish. This causes damage to coral reefs and marine ecosystems. This is then exacerbated by the many uses of plastic and waste disposal which are still not well managed.

Africa has therefore taken decisive steps, one of which is by strengthening cooperation through the outbound African Development Community. This community will concentrate on taking care of everything that has been missed in maritime protection in Africa. Starting from the assertion of illegal fishing, then guarding the sea, to maximizing fish farming, and others.

Maritime Academy

Maritime Academy

Africa has now succeeded in strengthening its safeguards against the marine sector. They having previously received losses of up to $ 500 each year, caused by illegal fishing. In the future, the countries in Africa hope to develop the maritime sector more optimally, with cooperation with various countries in the world.

Those are some good news from the african maritime academy. Which, soon the next good news will be accepted by the world.